Client Education: FAQs

What kinds of horses does Maddux Equine treat?

Maddux Equine Services provides care for all types of horses. We provide our services to horses at our facility in Princeton and to horses on the farm.

Horses we have cared for in the past:   

  • Trail horses
  • Show and performance horses
  • Senior or retired horses
  • Pasture buddies

What does it mean when my horse is lame?

Lameness is a term used to describe a change in a horse’s gait (manner of walking). Lameness is usually a result of pain somewhere in the limb. It can also be a result of an issue in another part of the body.  

Major signs of lameness include limping, decreased movement or unwillingness to move.

The five top causes of lameness are foot abscesses, navicular syndrome, heel pain, degenerative joint disease and tendon and ligament injuries.

How many times a year does my horse need an oral examination?

Dental care is very important to the overall health of a horse. A horse should receive an oral examination 1 to 2 times a year depending on the horse’s age. Contact us to determine how many times a year your horse needs to have an oral examination.

Good dental care keeps your horse healthy and happy by reducing colic and choke, prolonging the effectiveness of the horse’s teeth and enhancing performance.

What vaccinations does my horse need?

The American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP) and the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) separate vaccinations into two categories: core vaccinations and risk-based vaccinations.

Core vaccinations protect against regional diseases, contagious diseases, and high-health risk diseases.

Core vaccinations include:

  • West Nile virus
  • Eastern and western equine encephalomyelitis (sleeping sickness)
  • Tetanus
  • Rabies

Risk-based vaccinations are given based on a risk assessment made by a licensed veterinarian. The assessment is based on the individual horse, the horse population and the geographical region.

Risk-based vaccinations include:

  • Anthrax
  • Botulism
  • Equine herpesvirus
  • Viral arteritis
  • Equine influenza
  • Leptospirosis
  • Potomac horse fever
  • Rotavirus
  • Snake bite
  • Strangles

Foals follow a different guideline for vaccinations. Foals should receive the following vaccines: Rabies, West Nile Virus, Botulism, Leptospirosis, equine influenza, equine herpesvirus and strangles.

I have a senior horse. How many times a year should it see a vet?

Like humans, horses are susceptible to different diseases and health problems as they age. To ensure your horse’s health, a senior horse should be seen two or three times a year by a vet. Find out more about our senior care services.

Some of the most common conditions affecting senior horses include:

  • Equine Cushing’s disease (PPID)
  • Recurrent Airway Obstruction
  • Laminitis
  • Dental disease
  • Osteoarthritis

What does it mean if my horse is “sound” or “unsound”?

The sound, or soundness, refers to the overall health of a horse. A horse that is sound is healthy, or close to, and shows no signs of lameness or illness. A sound horse does not remain sound forever and it can become unsound at any moment. Unsound horses are unable to perform daily/regular activities.

People commonly use the term “sound” to refer to the current state of their horse’s health.

What is a Coggins test? When is my horse required to have one?

A Coggins test checks a horse’s blood for Equine Infectious Anemia virus (EIA). Insects such as mosquitos and flies mostly spread this disease. Needles, syringes or other instruments that were not properly disinfected can also spread EIA.

Kentucky law requires that horses that have a negative Coggins test within 12 months of being offered for sale or change in ownership. Most shows and campgrounds also require a negative Coggins test.